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Forging Napoleon's Grande Armee
Motivation, Military Culture, and Masculinity in the French Army, 1800-1
- The men who fought in Napoleon's Grande Armee built a new empire that changed the world. Remarkably, the same men raised arms during the French Revolution for liberte, egalite, and fraternite. In just over a decade, these freedom fighters, who had once struggled to overthrow tyrants, rallied to the side of a man who wanted to dominate Europe. What was behind this drastic change of heart? In this ground-breaking study, Michael J. Hughes shows how Napoleonic military culture shaped the motivation of Napoleon's soldiers. Relying on extensive archival research and blending cultural and military history, Hughes demonstrates that the Napoleonic regime incorporated elements from both the Old Regime and French Revolutionary military culture to craft a new military culture, characterized by loyalty to both Napoleon and the preservation of French hegemony in Europe. Underscoring this new, hybrid military culture were five sources of motivation: honor, patriotism, a martial and virile masculinity, devotion to Napoleon, and coercion. Forging Napoleon's Grande Armee vividly illustrates how this many-pronged culture gave Napoleon's soldiers reasons to fight.
- Introduction: Military Culture and Motivation in the Armies of Napoleon 1 From the Coasts of the Ocean to the Snows of Poland: The Grande Armee and Napoleonic Military Culture 2 Honneur, Gloire, et Patrie: Honor in Napoleon's Legions 3 Imperial Virtue: The Evolution of French Patriotism 4 Napoleon's Manhood: Sex and Martial Masculinity in the French Army 5 Clothing the New Emperor: Creating the Cult of Napoleon : The Officer Corps 6 The Emperor's Grognards 7 Devoted Soldiers and Reluctant Conquerors: The Rank and File Conclusion: Vive l'Empereur! Sustaining Motivation in the Armies of Napoleon, 1803-1808 Notes Select Bibliography Index About the Author
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