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Psychological Evaluations for the Courts, Fourth Edition
A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals and Lawyers
- Tens of thousands of readers have relied on this leading text and practitioner reference--now revised and updated--to understand the issues the legal system most commonly asks mental health professionals to address. The volume demystifies the forensic psychological assessment process and provides guidelines for participating effectively and ethically in legal proceedings. Presented are clinical and legal concepts and evidence-based assessment procedures pertaining to criminal and civil competencies, the insanity defense and related doctrines, sentencing, civil commitment, personal injury claims, antidiscrimination laws, child custody, juvenile justice, and other justice-related areas. Case examples, exercises, and a glossary facilitate learning; 19 sample reports illustrate how to conduct and write up thorough, legally admissible evaluations. New to This Edition *Extensively revised to reflect important legal, empirical, and clinical developments. *Increased attention to medical and neuroscientific research. *New protocols relevant to competence, risk assessment, child custody, and mental injury evaluations. *Updates on insanity, sentencing, civil commitment, the Americans with Disabilities Act, Social Security, juvenile and family law, and the admissibility of expert testimony. *Material on immigration law (including a sample report) and international law. *New and revised sample reports.
- I. General Considerations 1. Law and the Mental Health Professions: An Uneasy Alliance 1.01. The Context for Law and Behavioral Science 1.02. Some Preliminary Problems in Law and Mental Health 1.03. Paradigm Conflicts 1.04. Should Mental Health Professionals Be Considered Experts? 1.05. Which Professionals Should Be Considered Experts? 1.06. Conclusion Bibliography 2. An Overview of the Legal System: Sources of Law, the Court System, and the Adjudicative Process 2.01. Introduction 2.02. Sources of Law 2.03. The Court System 2.04. The Adjudicative Process 2.05. Conclusion: The Interplay of Systems Bibliography 3. The Nature and Method of Forensic Assessment 3.01. Introduction 3.02. Distinctions between Therapeutic and Forensic Assessment 3.03. Testing and Assessment Procedures 3.04. Archival and Third-Party Information 3.05. Amnesia 3.06. Assessment of Response Style 3.07. Challenges to the Basis of Expert Testimony 3.08. Conclusion Bibliography 4. Constitutional, Common-Law, and Ethical Contours of the Evaluation Process: The Mental Health Professional as Double Agent 4.01. Introduction 4.02. The Fifth Amendment and the Right to Remain Silent 4.03. The Right to Counsel 4.04. Common-Law and Statutory Duties of the Evaluator 4.05. Ethical Considerations in the Evaluation Process 4.06. Summary: Competence in Forensic Practice Bibliography 5. Managing Public and Private Forensic Services 5.01. Introduction 5.02. The Case for Specialization 5.03. Types of Evaluation Systems 5.05. Effective Diffusion of Behavioral Science Research 5.06. Operating a Forensic Practice Bibliography II. The Criminal Process 6. Competence to Proceed 6.01. Introduction 6.02. The Legal Standard 6.03. Procedural Issues 6.04. Disposition of Incompetent Defendants 6.05. Competence during Proceedings Other Than Trial or Plea Hearings 6.06. Research Relating to Competence Evaluations 6.07. Structured Evaluation Formats 6.08. Special Populations 6.09. Guidelines for Evaluation 6.10. Conclusion Bibliography 7. Other Competencies in the Criminal Process 7.01. Introduction 7.02. Competence to Consent to a Search or Seizure 7.03. Competence to Exercise the Right to Remain Silent 7.04. Competence to Plead Guilty 7.05. Competence to Waive the Right to Counsel and to Represent Oneself 7.06. Competence to Refuse an Insanity Defense and Other Mental State Defenses 7.07. Competence to Testify 7.08. Competence to Be Executed and to Participate in and Waive Appeals Bibliography 8. Mental State at the Time of the Offense 8.01. Introduction 8.02. The Insanity Defense 8.03. Exculpatory and Mitigating Doctrines Other Than Insanity 8.04. Research on the Relationship of Diagnosis to MSO Defenses 8.05. Characteristics of CliniciansaEURO (TM) MSO Opinions 8.06. MSO Investigation 8.07. Clinical Formulations about MSO 8.08. Conclusion Bibliography 9. Sentencing 9.01. Introduction 9.02. A Brief History of Sentencing 9.03. A Comparison of Rehabilitative and Retributive Sentencing 9.04. Special Sentencing Provisions 9.05. Capital Sentencing 9.06. Factors Influencing Sentencing 9.07. Assessment of Treatment Needs 9.08. Assessment of Culpability 9.09. Assessing Risk of Violence and Recidivism Bibliography III. Noncriminal Adjudication 10. Civil Commitment 10.01. Introduction 10.02. History of Commitment Law 10.03. Substantive Criteria for Commitment 10.04. Procedural Due Process 10.05. The Effects of Commitment Laws and Commitment 10.06. AttorneyaEURO (TM)s Role 10.07. ClinicianaEURO (TM)s Role 10.08. Commitment Evaluation 10.09. The Process of the Evaluation 10.10. Special Commitment Settings and Populations Bibliography 11. Civil Competencies 11.01. Introduction 11.02. Guardianship 11.03. Competence to Make Treatment Decisions 11.04. Competence to Consent to Research 11.05. Testamentary Capacity Bibliography 12. Compensating Mental Injury: WorkersaEURO (TM) Compensation and Torts 12.01. Introduction 12.02. WorkersaEURO (TM) Compensation Law: An Overview 12.03. The Tort of Emotional Distress 12.04. Causation in Mental Injury Cases: A Paradigm Clash? 12.05. Clinical Evaluation of Mental Injury 12.06. Conclusion: Reports and Testimony Bibliography 13. Federal Antidiscrimination, Entitlement, and Immigration Laws 13.01. Introduction 13.02. Americans with Disabilities Act 13.03. Fair Housing Amendments Act 13.04. Social Security Laws 13.05. Immigration Law 13.06. Conclusion Bibliography IV. Children and Families 14. Juvenile Delinquency 14.01. Introduction 14.02. The Rise and Fall of the aEUROoeTherapeuticaEURO Juvenile Court 14.03. The Nature of the Juvenile Process 14.04. The Mental Health ProfessionalaEURO (TM)s Role in Juvenile Court 14.05. The Nature of the Evaluation 14.06. Specific Areas of Treatment Evaluations 14.07. Special Juvenile Populations 14.08. Do the Mental Health and Juvenile Systems Belong Together? Bibliography 15. Child Abuse and Neglect 15.01. The Nature of Abuse and Neglect Proceedings 15.02. Legal Definitions of Child Maltreatment 15.03. Child Maltreatment as a Clinical Phenomenon 15.04. CliniciansaEURO (TM) Involvement in the Legal Process 15.05. Special Populations 15.06. The Technique of Abuse/Neglect Evaluations 15.07. Adult Cases Related to Abuse and Neglect 16. Child Custody in Divorce 16.01. The Scope of CliniciansaEURO (TM) Involvement in Custody Disputes 16.02. Standards for Resolution of Custody Disputes 16.03. What Do We Know? 16.04. The Technique of Custody Evaluations 16.05. The Politics of Divorce Bibliography 17. Education and Habilitation 17.01. Introduction 17.02. The Impetus for the IDEA 17.03. The Structure of the IDEA 17.04. Clinical Evaluation under the Act Bibliography V. Communicating with the Courts 18. Consultation, Report Writing, and Expert Testimony 18.01. Introduction 18.02. Preliminary Consultations 18.03. Data Collection, Maintenance, and Disclosure 18.04. Preliminary Report of Findings 18.05. Report Writing 18.06. Expert Testimony and the Social Psychology of Persuasion 18.07. The Ultimate-Issue Issue Bibliography 19. Sample Reports 19.01. Introduction 19.02. Competence to Proceed [Chapters 6 and 14] 19.03. Competence to Plead and Waive Rights [Chapter 7] 19.04. Mental State at the Time of the Offense [Chapter 8] 19.05. Sentencing [Chapter 9] 19.06. Civil Commitment [Chapter 10] 19.07. Competence to Handle Finances [Chapter 11] 19.08. WorkersaEURO (TM) Compensation for Mental Injury [Chapter 12] 19.09. Reasonable Accommodation under the Americans with Disabilities Act [Chapter 13] 19.10. Consultative Examination for Social Security [Chapter 13] 19.11. Immigration Status [Chapter 13] 19.12. Transfer to Adult Court [Chapter 14] 19.13. Dispositional Review [Chapter 15] 19.14. Custody [Chapter 16] 19.15. Evaluation under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act [Chapter 17] 20. Glossary 20.01. Legal Terms 20.02. Clinical and Research Terms Notes Index
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