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Global Competition in the Watch Industry, 1795-2000
- Since the large-scale manufacture of personal timepieces began, industry leadership has shifted among widely disparate locations, production systems, and cultures. This book presents a richly textured historical study of the quest for supremacy in the manufacture of watches - from the cottage industries of Britain; to the preeminence of Switzerland, and later, the United States; to the high-tech plants of Japan and the sweatshops of Hong Kong. Glasmeier examines both the strategies adopted by specific firms and the interplay of such varying influences as technological change, cyclical economic downturns, war, and national trade policies. In so doing, she delineates a cohesive framework within which to address such broader questions as how sustained regional economic development takes place (or starts and then stops); how decisions made by corporations are structured by internal and external forces: and the ways industrial cultures with different strategic learning capabilities facilitate or thwart the pursuit of technological change.
- 1. From Keeping Time to Keeping Pace 2. The Need for and Constraints on Change 3. The Organizational Development of the World Watch Industry 4. The Burden of Being First: Britain's Ascent and Decline as the Dominant Watch Manufacturing Region 5. Why Switzerland? The Rise of the Jura System of Watch Manufacturing 6. The American System of Watch Manufacturing 7. More Than One Way to Win a War 8. An Unexpected Competitor 9. Only the Young Survive: The American Watch Industry between the World Wars and after World War II 10. Going Electronic, Moving to Hong Kong 11. Can One Man Save an Industry? 12. Success Goes to the Nimble, Regardless of Size
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