Ever since the Middle Ages, Western culture has been uniquely obsessed with regulating society by the precise, accurate measurement of time. As our abilities grew, the clock came to measure every moment. Soon, natural indicators were no longer sufficient to measure the flow of time. Instead, the movements of the heavens came to be described by arbitrary, human measurements.
In On Time, Ken Mondschein explores the paired development of concepts and technologies of timekeeping with human thought. Without clocks, he argues, the modern world as we know it would not exist. From the astronomical timekeeping of the ancient world to the tower clocks of the Middle Ages to the seagoing chronometer, the quartz watch, and the atomic clock, greater precision and accuracy have had profound effects on human society'which, in turn, has driven the quest for further precision and accuracy. This quest toward automation'which gave rise to the medieval bell system, the Gregorian calendar, the factory clock, and even the near-disastrous Y2K bug'has led to profound social repercussions and driven the creation of the modern scientific mind-set.
Surveying the evolution of the mechanical clock from prehistory to the twenty-first century, Mondschein explains how both the technology and the philosophy behind Western timekeeping regimes came to take over the entire world. On Time is a story of thinkers, philosophers, and scientists, and of the thousand decisions, some large, some small, that continue to shape our daily lives.
List of IllustrationsForeword, by Neal StephensonAcknowledgmentsChapter 1. Scholars and SpheresChapter 2. Cities and ClocksChapter 3. Savants and SpringsChapter 4. Navigators and RegulatorsChapter 5. Rationalization and RelativityAppendix. Chapter ExercisesGlossaryNotesSuggested Further ReadingIndex