Focusing on cases of sexual assault from USA Gymnastics, Michigan State University, Penn State University, The Ohio State University, and the Catholic Church, interview after interview sheds compelling light on two powerful responses: that this question had not been previously asked and that survivor expectation of protection and support from the enabler-bystander was rarely, if ever, met. Clearly the perpetrator benefitted from the complicity of the enabler. From the survivors perspective, both bear responsibility for their plight and must be held accountable. This book emphasizes individual and institutional enablers alike; in fact, armies of enablers. Guiora proposes legal, cultural, and social measures aimed at the enabler from the survivors perspective. The proposed changes will address, and impact, both broader society and specific communities including higher education, elite athletics, sports organizations, religious institutions, law enforcement, the entertainment industry, and elected officials.
Amos N. Guiora is Professor of Law at the S.J. Quinney College of Law, the University of Utah.